- Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said the Terra meltdown emphasized risks of tokens pegged to the US dollar.
- Yellen called for additional federal regulations to guard against threats.
- Cryptos are growing very rapidly but pose no systemic risk to the financial system, she says.
The US Treasury Secretary and former Fed Chair Janet Yellen addressed the rapidly growing digital assets and the risks associated with them, in the wake of the recent TerraUSD (UST) meltdown.
On Monday, the dollar-pegged stablecoin shattered, with the price of UST tumbling to a day low of $0.7494. It fell further from the $1 peg to $0.6134 and reached the bottom line on Friday. UST is trading at $0.0952 at press time.
Not a real threat to financial stability: Yellen
Speaking to lawmakers during the House Financial Services Committee on Thursday, Yellen said the recent Terra (LUNA) tumble reveals the danger of USD-pegged stablecoins.
However, she continued that these asset classes have not reached a scale where theyre financial stability concerns. Yellen added,
I wouldnt characterize it at this scale as a real threat to financial stability, but theyre growing very rapidly, and they present the same kind of risks that we have known for centuries in connection with bank runs.
Federal agencies concerns over stablecoin risks arent new. In November, the U.S. Treasury Department called on Congress to address key gaps in the authority over stablecoins used for payments purposes.
In April, Yellen said crypto regulations in the US should support responsible innovation while managing risks. However, she also said they should abide by the recent White House crypto executive order.
In response to a question from Rep. Jim Himes on Thursday, Yellen highlighted that she did not believe a $2 trillion crypto market was big enough to trigger the systemic risk designation.
Addressing the recent meltdown of the Terra token, which until last week had been the crypto markets third-largest, Yellen said that the stablecoin had broken the buck, and Tether (USDT) is under some pressure as well.
However, Yellen declined to give Himes at what level the market could pose a systemic risk.
Calls for new federal regulation
The recent cryptocurrency collapse prompted Yellen to call for fresh federal regulations. She noted that additional regulation is needed to respond to the speculative wave.
We really need a regulatory framework to guard against the risks.
She also cited that the Treasury is working on a report to address this issue. Additionally, a central bank digital currency (CBDC) could also mitigate some of these concerns, she noted.